Friday

Wild Bill Hickok

James Butler Hickok (27 May 1837 -2 August 1876) better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a legendary figure in the American Wild West. He is remembered as a gunfighter, gambler and lawman.


James Hickok
early 1860's

Wild Bill Hickok

James Butler Hickok (27 May 1837-2 August 1876) better known as Wild Bill Hickok


James Butler Hickok better known as Wild Bill Hickok
Mendota, Illinois in 1869
Born and raised on a farm in Illinois, his parents were William Alonzo and Polly Butler Hickok.  James Hickok went west at age 18 as a fugitive from justice. He had many jobs: a stagecoach driver, a lawman in the frontier territories of Kansas and Nebraska, a soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War, a war scout, marksman, actor, and professional gambler.
Hickok was involved in several notable shootouts. He was shot from behind and killed at the age of 39 while playing poker in a saloon in Deadwood, Dakota Territory. The card hand he held at the time of his death (aces and eights) is called the "Dead Man's Hand".

RESOURCES:
Nebraska State Historical Society
The Memoirs of Wild Bill Hickok
Wild Bill Hickok: The Man and His Myth

Find out more about him here:


WELCOME TO COWBOY CHRONICLES

Howdy. They call me Clay. If you ask me it was interesting times and though I'm not much of a talker I'll tell the story any way about the cowboys.

These here Cowboy Chronicles refers to the part of American History called the Old West, Far West or Wild West, I just call it home.

It is seen through the eyes of Clayton Virgil Kane 1859 - 1919. It is made up of the people, history, lore and culture around the time of the American Civil War (1861 to 1865) to just after the end of the 19th century. Clay's hero was Daniel Boone and, so of course, it includes Boone (1734 to 1820) as an influence and forerunner of the American cowboy.

I hope you enjoy reading and learning about this great part of American history.
You might like to start with:

OX Teams in Sturgis


A photograph of the Ox Teams resting in the main street of Sturgis, Dakota Territory. 
The photograph was taken by John C.Grabill and is dated to between 1887 to 1892.

You can see the line of oxen and then the wagons.
From Library of Congress Prints and Photographs.

An ox wagon was used to transport goods. It was a wooden wagon with four iron covered wheels, pulled by teams of oxen, that were harnessed to the wagon in pairs. Most of the wagon was covered in canvas in a high arch to protect the goods.

Saturday

Daniel Boone

Daniel Boone public domain image

Oil sketch of Daniel Boone by Chester Harding.  The only portrait of Boone painted from life. This was painted when Boone was 84 years old, a few months before his death.

Harding painted Boone in June 1820 while Boone was living with his daughter Jemima Boone Callaway in Missouri.

According to historian Ted Franklin Belue, "from this original oil portrait Harding made three copies: two busts and a full-length." (The Life of Daniel Boone by Lyman Draper, edited by Ted Franklin Belue. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1998, p. 2.)
Date: June 1820
(1820-06)
Source: Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston. Reproduced from Alistair Cooke's America (New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1973)

Long List of Cowboy Movies from the 60's

Do you have a favorite cowboy movie? Did it make the list below?
When I think back the first thing that really got me interested in cowboys and the ways of the west was my granma taking me to see an amazing movie which was set in the old west when I was very young. She may have taken me to it because she wanted to see it or because back in those days there were not many movies for kids or maybe she actually thought  I would like it but anyways I was young and impressionable and hence my live long love of all things cowboy and cowgirl. To this day I do not remember the movies name just the panoramic scenery, a few scenes like when an army guy has his leg amputated and I can hum a few bars of the film score but not so that anyone else can recognize it. I would love to know what movie it was.



  • The Alamo: Directed by John Wayne; Starring John Wayne, Richard Widmark
  • The Magnificent Seven Directed byJohn Sturges: Starring Yul Brynner, Steve McQueen
  • The Comancheros: Directed byMichael Curtiz: Starring John Wayne, Stuart Whitman 
  • The Deadly Companions: Directed bySam Peckinpah: Starring Maureen O'Hara, Brian Keith
  • The Misfits: Directed byJohn Huston: Starring Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe, Montgomery Clift, Thelma Ritter, Eli Wallach
  • Two Rode Together: Directed byJohn Ford: Starring James Stewart, Richard Widmark.
  • How the West Was Won: Directed by John Ford, Henry Hathaway,George Marshall, Richard Thorpe: Starring Henry Fonda, Gregory Peck, James Stewart, John Wayne,George Peppard, Karl Malden, Carroll Baker, Debbie Reynolds
  • Lonely Are the Brave: Directed by David Miller: Starring Kirk Douglas, Gena Rowlands, Walter Matthau, Michael Kane, George Kennedy
  • The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance: Directed byJohn Ford: Starring Lee Marvin, James Stewart, John Wayne
  • Ride the High Country: Directed by Sam Peckinpah: Starring Mariette Hartley, Joel McCrea, Randolph Scott
  • Hud: Directed by Martin Ritt: Starring Paul Newman, Melvyn Douglas.
  • A Fistful of Dollars: Directed by Sergio Leone: Starring Clint Eastwood, Marianne Koch, Gian Maria Volonté.
  • Invitation to a Gunfighter: Directed byRichard Wilson: Starring Yul Brynner
  • Cat Ballou: Directed by Elliot Silverstein: Starring Jane Fonda, Lee Marvin, Michael Callan
  • Shenandoah: Directed by Andrew V. McLaglen: Starring James Stewart, Doug McClure, Glenn Corbett, Patrick Wayne, Rosemary Forsyth, Philip Alford
  • The Sons of Katie Elder: Directed by Henry Hathaway: StarringJohn Wayne, Dean Martin, Michael Anderson, Jr., Earl Holliman
  • El Dorado: Directed by Howard Hawks Starring John Wayne, Robert Mitchum
  • The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Directed bySergio Leone: Starring Clint Eastwood, Eli Wallach, Lee Van Cleef
  • Return of the Seven: Directed byBurt Kennedy: StarringYul Brynner, Robert Fuller
  • Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid: Directed by George Roy Hill: Starring Paul Newman, Robert Redford
  • Death of a Gunfighter Directed by Alan SmitheeRichard Widmark, Lena Horne
  • The Desperados: Directed by Henry Levin: Starring Vince Edwards, Jack Palance
  • Paint Your Wagon: Directed by Joshua LoganClint Eastwood, Lee Marvin, Jean Seberg
  • True Grit: Directed by Henry Hathaway: Starring John Wayne, Glen Campbell, Kim Darby
  • The Wild Bunch: Directed by Sam Peckinpah: Starring William Holden, Ernest Borgnine, Robert Ryan, Warren Oates, Ben Johnson

SO MANY MOVIES SO LITTLE TIME
Of course this is the list of movies I have seen from the 1960's - there are hundreds more made in the 60's let alone before and after that. Here are a few that I am looking forward to finding and watching:
Charro! Directed byCharles Marquis Warren Elvis Presley, Ina Balin because Elvis is in a traditional western.
TepepaDirected byGiulio PetroniTomas Milian, Orson Welles because of Orson Welles.
If You Meet Sartana Pray for Your DeathDirected byGianfranco ParoliniGianni Garko, William Berger because of the title.
Lonesome CowboysDirected byAndy WarholJoe Dallesandro because of the director.
One-Eyed Jacks Directed by Marlon BrandoMarlon Brando, Karl Malden because of Brando both directing and starring in it.

Going off to watch Django Unchained... oh by the way did you know there is a 1967 movie called Django, Kill... If You Live, Shoot!

Buffalo Soldier

public domain image
An Afro-American Corporal, in the 9th Cavalry. Snow covers the ground
                                              Buffalo soldier from Denver, Colorado in 1890 

Friday

What do Cowboys eat from the chuckwagon?

This is a nice picture of a cowboy cook with his chuck wagon. The photograph was taken in 1907 on a Texas Ranch. I don't know if you have ever had the chance to eat real cowboy cooking, but let me tell you that it is really good. I grew up on West Texas cowboy cooking. Cowboy food is not about living long, but living large. A chuckwagon like this one would likely be cooking up buttermilk biscuits prepared in a dutch oven on a campfire, beef, lamb, and goat slow cooked over oak coals, hard cured hams, pinto beans, cowboy coffee and even peach cobbler. The food is typically high fat, and high salt. You can bet that this cowboy is not serving up a salad with the meal he is preparing. 

FROM OLD PICTURE OF THE DAY

Wednesday

Cowboy, Grant-Kohrs ranch, Montana, USA, around 1910


What did cowboys eat on the range?

what did cowboys eat on the range
Texas Cowboys eating lunch. 1907 
 
These cowboys are eating out of cans. Canned tomatoes and canned peaches were cowboy favorites on the range. They probably got sick of beans...cowboys ate a lot of beans, dried beef, buffalo or pork and more beans. Dried meat was called Jerky which was a way of preserving the meat so it would last. It was made and eaten by Native Americans as well as the cowboys of America.

In 1866 the first chuckwagons started moving from camp to camp feeding the cowboys. Find out more about what food was served to the cowboys from the chuckwagons here.

RESOURCES: Cowboy Culture: A Saga of Five Centuries by David Dary

Saturday

Are the true cowboy ways fading?

Cowboy code of the west

Code of the West.

  • A cowboy always helps someone in need, even a stranger or an enemy
  • A cowboy is loyal to his "brand," to his friends, and those he rides with.
  • Never shoot a woman no matter what.
  • Respect the land and the environment by not smoking in hazardous fire areas, disfiguring rocks, trees, or other natural areas.
  • Honesty is absolute - your word is your bond, a handshake is more binding than a contract.
  • Live by the Golden Rule.
  • Look out for your own.
  • Defend yourself whenever necessary.
  • Never steal another man's horse. A horse thief pays with his life.
  • Don't inquire into a person's past. Take the measure of a man for what he is today

LINKED UP AT: History and Home Link Party

Tuesday

Meeting of Boone and his Brother

Daniel Boone meeting his brother Squire
SOURCE: Mason, Lynch Augustus. The Romance and Tragedy of Pioneer Life. Cincinnati, OH: Jones Brothers and Company, 1884.

The humble and adventurous Daniel Boone who lived from 1734 to 1820, meeting one of his brothers - Squire Jr. (1744-1815), who was named after their father.

Saturday

Chief Spotted Tail


Chief Spotted Tail taken before 1881
SOURCE: Library of Congress
Chief Spotted Tail was born Siŋté Glešká (Jumping Buffalo) in South Dakota in 1823. He was a a Brulé Sioux. He was given his warrior name, Spotted Tail, as he wore a raccoon tail in his war head dress.
He was known for being a warrior and later a statesman, speaking for peace and defending the rights of his tribe, with special interest in bringing education to the Sioux.
He recognised the futility of fighting when his village was destroyed by the army in 1855.
See more Sioux chief's at Native American Images.
Read quotes by Native American chiefs.
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