The Mormons migrated across America from the Midwest to the Salt Lake Valley in what is today the state of Utah using mainly large covered farm wagons and handcarts carrying their belongings.
Their trail became known as the Mormon Trail. This Pioneer Trail is 1,300 miles (2,092 kms) and the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled on it from 1846 to 1868.
The Mormons were persecuted because of their beliefs, their farms were burnt, they were moved on and sometimes killed.
The Mormon migration was a carefully planned journey to the Great Salt Lake Valley under the leadership of Brigham Young. "Young and the pioneer party left Winter Quarters on April 5th, 1847 for the Salt Lake Valley. The Pioneer Company (Camp of Israel) consisted of one hundred and forty-three men, three women and two children. The company had seventy-two wagons, ninety-three horses, fifty-two mules, sixty-six oxen, nineteen cows, seventeen dogs, and some chickens." Historical facts of the Mormon trail by O. Ned Eddins.